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Uneducated (2nd) —Bhikkhu Sujato

Linked Discourses 12

7. The Great Chapter

62. Uneducated (2nd)

1.1At Sāvatthī.

1.2“Mendicants, when it comes to this body made up of the four primary elements, an uneducated ordinary person might become disillusioned, dispassionate, and freed. 1.3Why is that? 1.4This body made up of the four primary elements is seen to accumulate and disperse, to be taken up and laid to rest. 1.5That’s why, when it comes to this body, an uneducated ordinary person might become disillusioned, dispassionate, and freed. 1.6But when it comes to that which is called ‘mind’ or ‘sentience’ or ‘consciousness’, an uneducated ordinary person is unable to become disillusioned, dispassionate, or freed. 1.7Why is that? 1.8Because for a long time they’ve been attached to it, thought of it as their own, and mistaken it: 1.9‘This is mine, I am this, this is my self.’ 1.10That’s why, when it comes to this mind, an uneducated ordinary person is unable to become disillusioned, dispassionate, and freed.

2.1But an uneducated ordinary person would be better off taking this body made up of the four primary elements to be their self, rather than the mind. 2.2Why is that? 2.3This body made up of the four primary elements is seen to last for a year, or for two, three, four, five, ten, twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, or a hundred years, or even longer. 2.4But that which is called ‘mind’ or ‘sentience’ or ‘consciousness’ arises as one thing and ceases as another all day and all night.

3.1In this case, a learned noble disciple carefully and properly attends to dependent origination itself: 3.2‘When this exists, that is; due to the arising of this, that arises. 3.3When this doesn’t exist, that is not; due to the cessation of this, that ceases. That is: 3.4Pleasant feeling arises dependent on a contact to be experienced as pleasant. 3.5With the cessation of that contact to be experienced as pleasant, the corresponding pleasant feeling ceases and stops. 3.6Painful feeling arises dependent on a contact to be experienced as painful. 3.7With the cessation of that contact to be experienced as painful, the corresponding painful feeling ceases and stops. 3.8Neutral feeling arises dependent on a contact to be experienced as neutral. 3.9With the cessation of that contact to be experienced as neutral, the corresponding neutral feeling ceases and stops.

4.1When you rub two sticks together, heat is generated and fire is produced. But when you part the sticks and lay them aside, any corresponding heat ceases and stops. 4.2In the same way, pleasant feeling arises dependent on a contact to be experienced as pleasant. 4.3With the cessation of that contact to be experienced as pleasant, the corresponding pleasant feeling ceases and stops. 4.4Painful feeling … 4.5Neutral feeling arises dependent on a contact to be experienced as neutral. 4.6With the cessation of that contact to be experienced as neutral, the corresponding neutral feeling ceases and stops.

5.1Seeing this, a learned noble disciple grows disillusioned with form, feeling, perception, choices, and consciousness. 5.2Being disillusioned, desire fades away. When desire fades away they’re freed. When they’re freed, they know they’re freed.

5.3They understand: ‘Rebirth is ended, the spiritual journey has been completed, what had to be done has been done, there is no return to any state of existence.’”