Avadānaśatakam* |

caturtho vargaḥ |

37: śaśaḥ

buddho bhagavān satkṛto gurukṛto mānitaḥ pūjito rājabhī rājamātrair dhanibhiḥ pauraiḥ śreṣṭhibhiḥ sārthavāhair devair nāgair yakṣair asurair garuḍaiḥ kinnarair mahoragair iti deva­nāgayakṣāsuragaruḍakinna­ramahoragābhyarcito buddho bhagavān jñāto mahāpuṇyo lābhī cīvarapiṇḍapātaśayanāsanaglānapratyayabhaiṣajya­pari­ṣkārāṇāṃ saśrāvakasaṃghaḥ śrāvastyāṃ viharati jetavane ’nāthapiṇḍadasyārāme | śrāvastyāṃ anyatamaḥ śreṣṭhī āḍhyo mahādhano mahābhogo vistīrṇaviśālaparigraho vaiśravaṇadhanasamudito vaiśravaṇadhanapratispardhī | tena sadṛśāt kulāt kalatram ānītam* | sa tayā sārdhaṃ krīḍati ramate paricārayati | tasya krīḍato ramamāṇasya paricārayataḥ kālāntareṇa patnī āpannasatvā saṃvṛttā | sā aṣṭānāṃ vā navānāṃ vā māsānām atyayāt prasūtā | dārako jātaḥ | sa unnīto vardhito mahān saṃvṛtaḥ | pitā cāsya dhanakṣayam anuprāpto bhogakṣayam anuprāptaḥ | sa ca vistīrṇasuhṛt­saṃ­bandhibāndhavas taṃ putraṃ kālānukālaṃ jñātisakāśaṃ preṣayati | sa tair jñātibhis tathā lālito yathā teṣu pravṛddhasnehaḥ saṃvṛttaḥ ||

yāvad apareṇa samayena jetavanaṃ nirgataḥ | athāsau dadarśa buddhaṃ bhagavantaṃ dvātriṃśatā mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇaiḥ samalaṃkṛtam aśītyā cānuvyañjanair virājitagātraṃ vyāmaprabhālaṃkṛtaṃ sūryasahasrātirekaprabhaṃ jaṅgamam iva ratnaparvataṃ samantato bhadrakam* | sa prasādajātaś ca bhagavataḥ pādābhivandanaṃ kṛtvā purastān niṣaṇṇo dharmaśravaṇāya | tasmai bhagavatā saṃsāravairāgyikī dharmadeśanā kṛtā, yāṃ śrutvā saṃsāre doṣadarśī nirvāṇe guṇadarśī mātāpitarāv anujñāpya bhagavacchāsane pravrajitaḥ | sa evaṃ pravrajitaḥ san jñātibhiḥ saha saṃsṛṣṭo viharati | tato bhagavāṃs taṃ gṛhisaṃsargān nivārya araṇye niyojayate | sa tatra nābhiramate | yāvad bhagavāṃs taṃ trir api gṛhisaṃsargān nivārayati: vatsa anekadoṣaduṣṭo ’yaṃ gṛhisaṃsargaḥ | santi cakṣurvijñeyāni rūpāṇi iṣṭāni kāntāni priyāṇi manāpāni kāmopasaṃhitāni rañjanīyāni | śrotravijñeyāḥ śabdāḥ, ghrāṇavijñeyā gandhāḥ, jihvāvijñeyā rasāḥ, kāyavijñeyāni spraṣṭavyāni, manovijñeyā dharmāḥ iṣṭāḥ kāntāḥ priyā manāpāḥ kāmopasaṃhitā rañjanīyāḥ kaṇṭakabhūtāḥ | anekaparyāyeṇa cāsya araṇyaguṇāḥ saṃvarṇitāḥ, yatra sthitasya kuśalānāṃ dharmāṇāṃ vṛddhir bhavati | yāvat tena kulaputreṇa bhagavantaṃ kalyāṇamitram āgamya araṇyavāsena vasatā yujyamānena ghaṭamānena vyāyacchamānenedam eva pañcagaṇḍakaṃ saṃsāracakraṃ calācalaṃ viditvā sarvasaṃskāragatīḥ śata­napatanavikiraṇavidhvaṃ­sana­dharma­tayā parāhatya sarvakleśaprahāṇād arhatvaṃ sākṣākṛtam* | arhan saṃvṛttaḥ traidhātukavītarāgaḥ samaloṣṭakāñcana ākāśapāṇitalasamacitto vāsīcandanakalpo vidyāvidāritāṇḍakośo vidyābhijñāprati­saṃ­vitprāpto bhavalābhalobhasat­kāraparāṅmukhaḥ | sendropendrāṇāṃ devānāṃ pūjyo mānyo ’bhivādyaś ca saṃvṛttaḥ | sa pūrvanivāsam anusmṛtya bhagavato ’syātiduṣkarāṇi dṛṣṭvā bhagavantam upasaṃkramya sagauravaḥ stauti mānayati ca ||

bhikṣavaḥ saṃśayajātāḥ sarvasaṃśayacchettāraṃ buddhaṃ bhagavantaṃ papracchuḥ: paśya bhadanta, yāvad ayaṃ kulaputro bhagavatā yāvat trir api grāmāntān nivārya araṇye niyojitaḥ, yāvad arhatve pratiṣṭhāpita iti | bhagavān āha: kim atra bhikṣava āścaryaṃ yad idānīṃ mayā vigatarāgeṇa vigatadveṣeṇa vigatamohena parimuktena jāti­jarāv­yādhi­maraṇa­śoka­pari­deva­duḥkha­daurmanasyopāyāsaiḥ sarvajñena sarvākārajñena sarvaj­ñānaj­ñeyavaśiprāptena ayaṃ kulaputro yāvan trir api grāmāntān nivārya araṇye niyojitaḥ, yāvad arhatve pratiṣṭhāpitaḥ | yat tu mayā atīte ’dhvani sarāgeṇa sadveṣeṇa samohenāparimuktena jāti­jarāv­yādhi­maraṇa­śoka­pari­deva­duḥkha­daurmanasyopāyāsair ayaṃ kulaputraḥ svajīvitaparityāgena grāmāntān nivārya araṇyavāse niyuktaḥ | tac chṛṇuta, sādhu ca suṣṭhu ca manasi kuruta, bhāṣiṣye ||

bhūtapūrvaṃ bhikṣavo ’tīte ’dhvani anyatarasmin girikandare prasravaṇapuṣpaphalakanda­saṃ­panno ṛṣiḥ prativasati kaṣṭatapāḥ phalamūlāmbubhakṣo ’jinavalkalavāsī agnihotrikaḥ | tasya ca ṛṣeḥ śaśo vayasyo mānuṣapralāpī | sa divasānudivasaṃ trir ṛṣisamīpam upasaṃkrāmati | upasaṃkramyābhivādanaṃ kṛtvā vividhābhiḥ kathābhiḥ saṃmodate | tāv evaṃ pravṛddhasnehau pitāputravad avasthitau | yāvat kālāntareṇa mahaty anāvṛṣṭiḥ prādurbhūtā, yayā nadyudapānāny alpasalilāni saṃvṛttāni, puṣpaphalaviyuktāś ca pādapāḥ | tataḥ sa ṛṣis tatrāśramapade upabhogaviharān nābhiramate | so ’jinacīravalkalāny abhisaṃkṣeptum ārabdhaḥ ||

atha śaśas taṃ tathā pravṛttaṃ dṛṣṭvā pṛṣṭavān*: maharṣe kva gamiṣyasīti | ṛṣir āha: grāmāntam eva gamiṣyāmi Speyer: avagamiṣyāmi, tatra pakvabhaikṣeṇa yāpayiṣyāmīti | tataḥ sa ṛṣivacanam upaśrutya jātasaṃtāpo mātāpitṛviyogam iva manyamānaḥ pādayor nipatya tam ṛṣim uvāca: mā māṃ parityaja | api ca anekadoṣasaṃkulo gṛhavāso ’nekaguṇasaṃpannaś cāraṇyavāsa iti | sa bahv apy ucyamāno na nivartate | tataḥ sa śaśenocyate: yady avaśyaṃ gantavyam*, kiṃ nu adyeha tāvat pratīkṣasva, śvo yathābhipretaṃ yāsyasīti | tatas tasya ṛṣer etad abhavat*: niyatam ayaṃ mām āhārajātenopani­mantra­yitu­kāmaḥ | yasmād ime tiryagyonigatāḥ prāṇinaḥ saṃcayaparā iti | tena tasya pratijñātam* ||

atha kṛtāhnikam āhārakāle śaśa upasaṃkramya tam ṛṣiṃ pradakṣiṇīkṛtya kṣamayitum ārabdhaḥ: kṣamasva mama maharṣe yan mayā ūhāpohavirahitena tiryagyonāv upapannena tava kiṃcid apakṛtaṃ syāt* | ity uktvā sahasotplutyāgnau prapatitaḥ | tataḥ sa ṛṣir jātasaṃvego bāṣpadurdinamukhaḥ priyaikaputram ivopaguhyovāca Speyer: ivopagṛhyovāca: vatsa kim idam ārabdham iti | śaśa uvāca: maharṣe araṇyapriyatayā madīyena māṃsenāhorātraṃ yāpayiṣyasi | kiṃ ca:

na santi mudgā na tilā na taṇḍulā vane vivṛddhasya śaśasya kecana
śarīram etat tv analābhisaṃskṛtaṃ mamopayojyādya tapovane vasa || iti

tataḥ sa ṛṣiḥ śaśavacanam upaśrutya jātasaṃvega uvāca: yady evaṃ tava priyatayā kāmam ihaiva jīvitaṃ parityakṣyāmi, na ca grāmāntam avatariṣyāmīti | śrutvaitad vacanaṃ śaśaḥ prītamanāḥ saṃvṛttaḥ | ūrdhvamukhaś ca gaganatalam abhivīkṣya yācituṃ pravṛttaḥ | āha ca:

araṇye me samāgamya viveke ramate manaḥ
anena satyavākyena māhendraṃ deva varṣa nu ||

ity uktamātre bodhisatvānubhāvena māhendrabhavanam ākampitam* | devatānāṃ cādhastāj jñānadarśanaṃ pravartate: kiṃ kṛtam api | paśyanti bodhisatvānubhāvād iti | yāvac chakreṇa devendreṇa māhendravarṣaṃ vṛṣṭaṃ yena tadāśramapadaṃ punar api tṛṇagulmauṣadhipuṣpaphalasamṛddhaṃ saṃvṛttam* ||

tatas tena ṛṣiṇā śaśaṃ kalyāṇamitram āgamya tatra vasatā pañcābhijñāḥ sākṣātkṛtāḥ | tataḥ sa ṛiṣiḥ śaśam uvāca: bhoḥ śaśa, tena duṣkareṇa vyavasāyena kāruṇyabhāvāc ca kiṃ prārthayase iti | tenoktam*: andhe loke anāyake apariṇāyake buddho bhūyāsam atīrṇānāṃ satvānāṃ tārayita, amuktānāṃ mocayitā, anāśvastānām āśvāsayitā, aparinirvṛtānāṃ parinirvāpayiteti | tataḥ sa ṛṣir idaṃ vacanam upaśrutya śaśam abravīt: yadā tvaṃ buddho bhavethāḥ, asmākam api samanvāharethā iti | śaśa uvāca: evam astv iti ||

bhagavān āha: kiṃ manyadhve bhikṣavo yo ’sau tena kālena tena samayena śaśa āsīt, ahaṃ sa | ṛṣir eṣa kulaputraḥ | tasmāt tarhi bhikṣava evaṃ śikṣitavyam: yat kalyaṇāmitrā vihariṣyāmaḥ kalyāṇasahāyāḥ kalyāṇasaṃparkāḥ, na pāpamitrā na pāpasahāyā na pāpasaṃparkā | ity evaṃ vo bhikṣavaḥ śikṣitavyam* ||

athāyuṣmān ānando bhagavantam idam avocat*: iha mama bhadanta ekākino rahogatasya pratisaṃlīnasyaivaṃ cetasi cetaḥparitarka udapādi: upārdham idaṃ brahmacaryasya yaduta kalyāṇamitratā kalyāṇasahāyatā kalyāṇasaṃparkaḥ, na pāpamitratā na pāpasahāyatā na pāpasaṃparkaḥ iti | bhagavān āha: mā tvam ānanda evaṃ vocaḥ: upārdham idaṃ brahmacaryasya yaduta kalyāṇamitratā kalyāṇasahāyatā kalyāṇasaṃparkaḥ, na pāpamitratā na pāpasahāyatā na pāpasaṃparkaḥ iti | sakalam idam ānanda kevalaṃ paripūrṇaṃ pariśuddhaṃ paryavadātaṃ brahmacaryaṃ yaduta kalyāṇamitratā kalyāṇasahāyatā kalyāṇasaṃparkaḥ, na pāpamitratā na pāpasahāyatā na pāpasaṃparkaḥ | tat kasya hetoḥ? māṃ hy ānanda kalyāṇāmitram āgamya jātidharmāṇaḥ satvā jāti­dharma­tayā Speyer: jātidharmatāyāḥ parimucyante, jarāv­yādhiśo­kama­raṇa­pari­deva­duḥkha­daurmanasyopāyāsa­dharmāṇaḥ satvā upāyāsadharmatāyāḥ parimucyante | tad anenaiva te ānanda paryāyeṇa veditavyaṃ yat sakalam idaṃ kevalaṃ paripūrṇaṃ pariśuddhaṃ paryavadātaṃ brahmacaryaṃ yaduta kalyāṇamitratā kalyāṇasahāyatā kalyāṇasaṃparkaḥ, na pāpamitratā na pāpasahāyatā na pāpasaṃparkaḥ | ity evaṃ vo bhikṣavaḥ śikṣitavyam* ||

idam avocad bhagavān | āttamanasas te bhikṣavo bhagavato bhāṣitam abhyanandan* ||