Aṅguttara Nikāya 7

7. Mahāvagga

72. Aggik­khan­dho­pa­masutta

Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​   ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā kosalesu cārikaṃ carati mahatā ­bhik­khu­saṃ­ghena saddhiṃ. Addasā kho bhagavā addhā­na­maggap­paṭi­panno aññatarasmiṃ padese mahantaṃ aggikkhandhaṃ ādittaṃ sampajjalitaṃ sajotibhūtaṃ. Disvāna maggā okkamma aññatarasmiṃ rukkhamūle paññatte āsane nisīdi. Nisajja kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: “passatha no tumhe, bhikkhave, amuṃ mahantaṃ aggikkhandhaṃ ādittaṃ sampajjalitaṃ sajotibhūtan”ti? “Evaṃ, bhante”ti.

“Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhikkhave, katamaṃ nu kho varaṃ—yaṃ amuṃ mahantaṃ aggikkhandhaṃ ādittaṃ sampajjalitaṃ sajotibhūtaṃ āliṅgetvā upanisīdeyya vā upanipajjeyya vā, yaṃ vā khattiyakaññaṃ vā brāhmaṇakaññaṃ vā gahapatikaññaṃ vā muduta­luna­hattha­pādaṃ āliṅgetvā upanisīdeyya vā upanipajjeyya vā”ti? “Etadeva, bhante, varaṃ—yaṃ khattiyakaññaṃ vā brāhmaṇakaññaṃ vā gahapatikaññaṃ vā muduta­luna­hattha­pādaṃ āliṅgetvā upanisīdeyya vā upanipajjeyya vā, dukkhañhetaṃ, bhante, yaṃ amuṃ mahantaṃ aggikkhandhaṃ ādittaṃ sampajjalitaṃ sajotibhūtaṃ āliṅgetvā upanisīdeyya vā upanipajjeyya vā”ti.

“Ārocayāmi vo, bhikkhave, paṭivedayāmi vo, bhikkhave, yathā etadeva tassa varaṃ dussīlassa pāpadhammassa asuci­saṅ­kassa­ra­samā­cārassa paṭicchan­na­kamman­tassa assamaṇassa samaṇa­paṭiñ­ñassa abrahmacārissa brahma­cāri­paṭiñ­ñassa antopūtikassa avassutassa kasambujātassa yaṃ amuṃ mahantaṃ aggikkhandhaṃ ādittaṃ sampajjalitaṃ sajotibhūtaṃ āliṅgetvā upanisīdeyya vā upanipajjeyya vā. Taṃ kissa hetu? Tatonidānañhi so, bhikkhave, maraṇaṃ vā nigaccheyya maraṇamattaṃ vā dukkhaṃ, na tveva tappaccayā kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjeyya.

Yañca kho so, bhikkhave, dussīlo pāpadhammo asuci­saṅkas­sarasa­mācāro … pe … kasambujāto khattiyakaññaṃ vā brāhmaṇakaññaṃ vā gahapatikaññaṃ vā muduta­luna­hattha­pādaṃ āliṅgetvā upanisīdati vā upanipajjati vā, tañhi tassa, bhikkhave, hoti dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāya kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjati. (1)

Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhikkhave, katamaṃ nu kho varaṃ—yaṃ balavā puriso daḷhāya vālarajjuyā ubho jaṅghā veṭhetvā ghaṃseyya—sā chaviṃ chindeyya chaviṃ chetvā cammaṃ chindeyya cammaṃ chetvā maṃsaṃ chindeyya maṃsaṃ chetvā nhāruṃ chindeyya nhāruṃ chetvā aṭṭhiṃ chindeyya aṭṭhiṃ chetvā aṭṭhimiñjaṃ āhacca tiṭṭheyya, yaṃ vā khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā abhivādanaṃ sādiyeyyā”ti? “Etadeva, bhante, varaṃ—yaṃ khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā abhivādanaṃ sādiyeyya, dukkhañhetaṃ, bhante, yaṃ balavā puriso daḷhāya vālarajjuyā … pe … aṭṭhimiñjaṃ āhacca tiṭṭheyyā”ti.

Ārocayāmi vo, bhikkhave, paṭivedayāmi vo, bhikkhave, yathā etadeva tassa varaṃ dussīlassa … pe … kasambujātassa yaṃ balavā puriso daḷhāya vālarajjuyā ubho jaṅghā veṭhetvā … pe … aṭṭhimiñjaṃ āhacca tiṭṭheyya. Taṃ kissa hetu? Tatonidānañhi so, bhikkhave, maraṇaṃ vā nigaccheyya maraṇamattaṃ vā dukkhaṃ, na tveva tappaccayā kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjeyya. Yañca kho so, bhikkhave, dussīlo … pe … kasambujāto khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā abhivādanaṃ sādiyati, tañhi tassa, bhikkhave, hoti dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāya kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjati. (2)

“Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhikkhave, katamaṃ nu kho varaṃ—yaṃ balavā puriso tiṇhāya sattiyā teladhotāya paccorasmiṃ pahareyya, yaṃ vā khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā añjalikammaṃ sādiyeyyā”ti? “Etadeva, bhante, varaṃ—yaṃ khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā añjalikammaṃ sādiyeyya, dukkhañhetaṃ, bhante, yaṃ balavā puriso tiṇhāya sattiyā teladhotāya paccorasmiṃ pahareyyā”ti.

“Ārocayāmi vo, bhikkhave, paṭivedayāmi vo, bhikkhave, yathā etadeva tassa varaṃ dussīlassa … pe … kasambujātassa yaṃ balavā puriso tiṇhāya sattiyā teladhotāya paccorasmiṃ pahareyya. Taṃ kissa hetu? Tatonidānañhi so, bhikkhave, maraṇaṃ vā nigaccheyya maraṇamattaṃ vā dukkhaṃ, na tveva tappaccayā kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjeyya. Yañca kho so, bhikkhave, dussīlo pāpadhammo … pe … kasambujāto khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā añjalikammaṃ sādiyati, tañhi tassa, bhikkhave, hoti dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāya kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjati. (3)

Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhikkhave, katamaṃ nu kho varaṃ—yaṃ balavā puriso tattena ayopaṭṭena ādittena sampajjalitena sajotibhūtena kāyaṃ sam­pali­ve­ṭheyya, yaṃ vā khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā saddhādeyyaṃ cīvaraṃ paribhuñjeyyā”ti? “Etadeva, bhante, varaṃ—yaṃ khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā … pe … saddhādeyyaṃ cīvaraṃ paribhuñjeyya, dukkhañhetaṃ, bhante, yaṃ balavā puriso tattena ayopaṭṭena ādittena sampajjalitena sajotibhūtena kāyaṃ sam­pali­ve­ṭheyyā”ti.

“Ārocayāmi vo, bhikkhave, paṭivedayāmi vo, bhikkhave, yathā etadeva tassa varaṃ dussīlassa … pe … kasambujātassa yaṃ balavā puriso tattena ayopaṭṭena ādittena sampajjalitena sajotibhūtena kāyaṃ sam­pali­ve­ṭheyya. Taṃ kissa hetu? Tatonidānañhi so, bhikkhave, maraṇaṃ vā nigaccheyya maraṇamattaṃ vā dukkhaṃ, na tveva tappaccayā kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjeyya. Yañca kho so, bhikkhave, dussīlo … pe … kasambujāto khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā saddhādeyyaṃ cīvaraṃ paribhuñjati, tañhi tassa, bhikkhave, hoti dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāya kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjati. (4)

Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhikkhave, katamaṃ nu kho varaṃ—yaṃ balavā puriso tattena ayosaṅkunā mukhaṃ vivaritvā tattaṃ lohaguḷaṃ ādittaṃ sampajjalitaṃ sajotibhūtaṃ mukhe pakkhipeyya—taṃ tassa oṭṭhampi daheyya mukhampi daheyya jivhampi daheyya kaṇṭhampi daheyya urampi daheyya antampi antaguṇampi ādāya adhobhāgā nikkhameyya, yaṃ vā khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā saddhādeyyaṃ piṇḍapātaṃ paribhuñjeyyā”ti? “Etadeva, bhante, varaṃ—yaṃ khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā saddhādeyyaṃ piṇḍapātaṃ paribhuñjeyya, dukkhañhetaṃ, bhante, yaṃ balavā puriso tattena ayosaṅkunā mukhaṃ vivaritvā tattaṃ lohaguḷaṃ ādittaṃ sampajjalitaṃ sajotibhūtaṃ mukhe pakkhipeyya—taṃ tassa oṭṭhampi daheyya mukhampi daheyya jivhampi daheyya kaṇṭhampi daheyya urampi daheyya antampi antaguṇampi ādāya adhobhāgaṃ nikkhameyyā”ti.

“Ārocayāmi vo, bhikkhave, paṭivedayāmi vo, bhikkhave, yathā etadeva tassa varaṃ dussīlassa … pe … kasambujātassa yaṃ balavā puriso tattena ayosaṅkunā mukhaṃ vivaritvā tattaṃ lohaguḷaṃ ādittaṃ sampajjalitaṃ sajotibhūtaṃ mukhe pakkhipeyya—taṃ tassa oṭṭhampi daheyya mukhampi daheyya jivhampi daheyya kaṇṭhampi daheyya urampi daheyya antampi antaguṇampi ādāya adhobhāgaṃ nikkhameyya. Taṃ kissa hetu? Tatonidānañhi so, bhikkhave, maraṇaṃ vā nigaccheyya maraṇamattaṃ vā dukkhaṃ, na tveva tappaccayā kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjeyya. Yañca kho so, bhikkhave, dussīlo pāpadhammo … pe … kasambujāto khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā saddhādeyyaṃ piṇḍapātaṃ paribhuñjati, tañhi tassa hoti dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāya kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjati. (5)

Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhikkhave, katamaṃ nu kho varaṃ—yaṃ balavā puriso sīse vā gahetvā khandhe vā gahetvā tattaṃ ayomañcaṃ vā ayopīṭhaṃ vā abhi­ni­sīdā­peyya vā abhi­nipaj­jā­peyya vā, yaṃ vā khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā saddhādeyyaṃ mañcapīṭhaṃ paribhuñjeyyā”ti? “Etadeva, bhante, varaṃ—yaṃ khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā saddhādeyyaṃ mañcapīṭhaṃ paribhuñjeyya, dukkhañhetaṃ, bhante, yaṃ balavā puriso sīse vā gahetvā khandhe vā gahetvā tattaṃ ayomañcaṃ vā ayopīṭhaṃ vā abhi­ni­sīdā­peyya vā abhi­nipaj­jā­peyya vā”ti.

“Ārocayāmi vo, bhikkhave, paṭivedayāmi vo, bhikkhave, yathā etadeva tassa varaṃ dussīlassa … pe … kasambujātassa yaṃ balavā puriso sīse vā gahetvā khandhe vā gahetvā tattaṃ ayomañcaṃ vā ayopīṭhaṃ vā abhi­ni­sīdā­peyya vā abhi­nipaj­jā­peyya vā. Taṃ kissa hetu? Tatonidānañhi so, bhikkhave, maraṇaṃ vā nigaccheyya maraṇamattaṃ vā dukkhaṃ, na tveva tappaccayā kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjeyya. Yañca kho so, bhikkhave, dussīlo pāpadhammo … pe … kasambujāto khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā saddhādeyyaṃ mañcapīṭhaṃ paribhuñjati. Tañhi tassa, bhikkhave, hoti dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāya kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjati. (6)

Taṃ kiṃ maññatha, bhikkhave, katamaṃ nu kho varaṃ—yaṃ balavā puriso uddhampādaṃ adhosiraṃ gahetvā tattāya lohakumbhiyā pakkhipeyya ādittāya sampajjalitāya sajotibhūtāya—so tattha pheṇuddehakaṃ paccamāno sakimpi uddhaṃ gaccheyya sakimpi adho gaccheyya sakimpi tiriyaṃ gaccheyya, yaṃ vā khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā saddhādeyyaṃ vihāraṃ paribhuñjeyyā”ti? “Etadeva, bhante, varaṃ—yaṃ khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā saddhādeyyaṃ vihāraṃ paribhuñjeyya, dukkhañhetaṃ, bhante, yaṃ balavā puriso uddhampādaṃ adhosiraṃ gahetvā tattāya lohakumbhiyā pakkhipeyya ādittāya sampajjalitāya sajotibhūtāya—so tattha pheṇuddehakaṃ paccamāno sakimpi uddhaṃ gaccheyya sakimpi adho gaccheyya sakimpi tiriyaṃ gaccheyyā”ti.

“Ārocayāmi vo, bhikkhave, paṭivedayāmi vo, bhikkhave, yathā etadeva tassa varaṃ dussīlassa pāpadhammassa … pe … kasambujātassa yaṃ balavā puriso uddhampādaṃ adhosiraṃ gahetvā … pe … sakimpi tiriyaṃ gaccheyya. Taṃ kissa hetu? Tatonidānañhi so, bhikkhave, maraṇaṃ vā nigaccheyya maraṇamattaṃ vā dukkhaṃ, na tveva tappaccayā kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjeyya. Yañca kho so, bhikkhave, dussīlo pāpadhammo … pe … kasambujāto khat­tiya­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā brāhma­ṇa­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā gaha­pati­ma­hāsā­lā­naṃ vā saddhādeyyaṃ vihāraṃ paribhuñjati. Tañhi tassa, bhikkhave, hoti dīgharattaṃ ahitāya dukkhāya kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjati. (7)

Tasmātiha, bhikkhave, evaṃ sikkhitabbaṃ: ‘yesañca mayaṃ paribhuñjāma cīvara­piṇḍa­pāta­se­nāsa­na­gilā­nappac­caya­bhesaj­ja­parik­khā­raṃ tesaṃ te kārā mahapphalā bhavissanti mahānisaṃsā, amhākañcevāyaṃ pabbajjā avañjhā bhavissati saphalā saudrayā’ti. Evañhi vo, bhikkhave, sikkhitabbaṃ: ‘attatthaṃ vā, bhikkhave, sampassamānena alameva appamādena sampādetuṃ; paratthaṃ vā, bhikkhave, sampassamānena alameva appamādena sampādetuṃ; ubhayatthaṃ vā, bhikkhave, sampassamānena alameva appamādena sampādetun’”ti.

Idamavoca bhagavā. Imasmiñca pana vey­yāka­ra­ṇas­miṃ bhaññamāne saṭṭhimattānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ uṇhaṃ lohitaṃ mukhato uggañchi. Saṭṭhimattā bhikkhū sikkhaṃ paccakkhāya hīnāyāvattiṃsu: “sudukkaraṃ bhagavā, sudukkaraṃ bhagavā”ti. Saṭṭhimattānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ anupādāya āsavehi cittāni vimucciṃsūti.

Aṭṭhamaṃ.