Aṅguttara Nikāya 4

2. Caravagga

14. Saṃvarasutta

“Cattārimāni, bhikkhave, padhānāni. Katamāni cattāri? Saṃ­varap­pa­dhā­naṃ, pahānap­pa­dhā­naṃ, bhāva­nāp­pa­dhā­naṃ, anurak­kha­ṇāp­pa­dhā­naṃ. Katamañca, bhikkhave, saṃ­varap­pa­dhā­naṃ? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti ­nānub­yañ­janag­gāhī. Yat­vādhika­ra­ṇa­menaṃ cakkhundriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhij­jhā­do­manassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati cakkhundriyaṃ, cakkhundriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Sotena saddaṃ sutvā … ghānena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā … jivhāya rasaṃ sāyitvā … kāyena phoṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā … manasā dhammaṃ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti ­nānub­yañ­janag­gāhī, yat­vādhika­ra­ṇa­menaṃ manindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhij­jhā­do­manassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati manindriyaṃ, manindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, saṃ­varap­pa­dhā­naṃ.

Katamañca, bhikkhave, pahānap­pa­dhā­naṃ? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu uppannaṃ kāmavitakkaṃ nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti byantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti; uppannaṃ ­byāpā­da­vitak­kaṃ … pe … uppannaṃ vihiṃ­sā­vitak­kaṃ … pe … uppannuppanne pāpake akusale dhamme nādhivāseti pajahati vinodeti byantīkaroti anabhāvaṃ gameti. Idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, pahānap­pa­dhā­naṃ.

Katamañca, bhikkhave, bhāva­nāp­pa­dhā­naṃ? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu sati­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodha­nissitaṃ vos­sagga­pari­ṇāmiṃ, dhamma­vicaya­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti … vīriya­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti … pīti­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti … passad­dhi­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti … samā­dhi­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti … upekkhā­sam­boj­jhaṅ­gaṃ bhāveti vivekanissitaṃ virāganissitaṃ nirodha­nissitaṃ vos­sagga­pari­ṇāmiṃ. Idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, bhāva­nāp­pa­dhā­naṃ.

Katamañca, bhikkhave, anurak­kha­ṇāp­pa­dhā­naṃ? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu uppannaṃ bhaddakaṃ samā­dhi­nimittaṃ anurakkhati aṭṭhikasaññaṃ puḷavakasaññaṃ vinīlakasaññaṃ vic­chidda­ka­saññaṃ uddhumā­ta­ka­saññaṃ. Idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, anurak­kha­ṇāp­pa­dhā­naṃ. Imāni kho, bhikkhave, cattāri padhānānīti.

Saṃvaro ca pahānañca,
bhāvanā anurakkhaṇā;
Ete padhānā cattāro,
desi­tādicca­bandhunā;
Yehi bhikkhu idhātāpī,
khayaṃ dukkhassa pāpuṇe”ti.

Catutthaṃ.