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Vekhanasa Sutta—Mahāsaṅgīti Tipiṭaka Buddhavasse 2500

Majjhima Nikāya 80

Vekhanasasutta

1.1Evaṃ me sutaṃ—1.2ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme.

2.1Atha kho vekhanaso paribbājako yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi. 2.2Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhāsi. 2.3Ekamantaṃ ṭhito kho vekhanaso paribbājako bhagavato santike udānaṃ udānesi: 2.4“ayaṃ paramo vaṇṇo, ayaṃ paramo vaṇṇo”ti.

2.5“Kiṃ pana tvaṃ, kaccāna, evaṃ vadesi: 2.6‘ayaṃ paramo vaṇṇo, ayaṃ paramo vaṇṇo’ti? 2.7Katamo, kaccāna, so paramo vaṇṇo”ti?

2.8“Yasmā, bho gotama, vaṇṇā añño vaṇṇo uttaritaro vā paṇītataro vā natthi so paramo vaṇṇo”ti.

2.9“Katamo pana so, kaccāna, vaṇṇo yasmā vaṇṇā añño vaṇṇo uttaritaro vā paṇītataro vā natthī”ti?

2.10“Yasmā, bho gotama, vaṇṇā añño vaṇṇo uttaritaro vā paṇītataro vā natthi so paramo vaṇṇo”ti.

3.1“Dīghāpi kho te esā, kaccāna, phareyya: 3.2‘yasmā, bho gotama, vaṇṇā añño vaṇṇo uttaritaro vā paṇītataro vā natthi so paramo vaṇṇo’ti vadesi, tañca vaṇṇaṃ na paññapesi.

3.3Seyyathāpi, kaccāna, puriso evaṃ vadeyya: 3.4‘ahaṃ yā imasmiṃ janapade janapadakalyāṇī, taṃ icchāmi taṃ kāmemī’ti.

3.5Tamenaṃ evaṃ vadeyyuṃ: 3.6‘ambho purisa, yaṃ tvaṃ janapadakalyāṇiṃ icchasi kāmesi, jānāsi taṃ janapadakalyāṇiṃ—khattiyī vā brāhmaṇī vā vessī vā suddī vā’ti?

3.7Iti puṭṭho ‘no’ti vadeyya.

3.8Tamenaṃ evaṃ vadeyyuṃ: 3.9‘ambho purisa, yaṃ tvaṃ janapadakalyāṇiṃ icchasi kāmesi, jānāsi taṃ janapadakalyāṇiṃ evaṃnāmā evaṅgottāti vāti … pe … dīghā vā rassā vā majjhimā vā kāḷī vā sāmā vā maṅguracchavī vāti … amukasmiṃ gāme vā nigame vā nagare vā’ti?

3.10Iti puṭṭho ‘no’ti vadeyya.

3.11Tamenaṃ evaṃ vadeyyuṃ: 3.12‘ambho purisa, yaṃ tvaṃ na jānāsi na passasi, taṃ tvaṃ icchasi kāmesī’ti?

3.13Iti puṭṭho ‘āmā’ti vadeyya.

3.14Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, kaccāna, 3.15nanu evaṃ sante tassa purisassa appāṭihīrakataṃ bhāsitaṃ sampajjatī”ti?

3.16“Addhā kho, bho gotama, evaṃ sante tassa purisassa appāṭihīrakataṃ bhāsitaṃ sampajjatī”ti.

3.17“Evameva kho tvaṃ, kaccāna, ‘yasmā, bho gotama, vaṇṇā añño vaṇṇo uttaritaro vā paṇītataro vā natthi so paramo vaṇṇo’ti vadesi; tañca vaṇṇaṃ na paññapesī”ti.

4.1“Seyyathāpi, bho gotama, maṇi veḷuriyo subho jātimā aṭṭhaṃso suparikammakato paṇḍukambale nikkhitto bhāsate ca tapate ca virocati ca, evaṃ vaṇṇo attā hoti arogo paraṃ maraṇā”ti.

5.1“Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, kaccāna, 5.2yo vā maṇi veḷuriyo subho jātimā aṭṭhaṃso suparikammakato paṇḍukambale nikkhitto bhāsate ca tapate ca virocati ca, yo vā rattandhakāratimisāya kimi khajjopanako imesaṃ ubhinnaṃ vaṇṇānaṃ katamo vaṇṇo abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā”ti?

5.3“Yvāyaṃ, bho gotama, rattandhakāratimisāya kimi khajjopanako, ayaṃ imesaṃ ubhinnaṃ vaṇṇānaṃ abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā”ti.

6.1“Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, kaccāna, 6.2yo vā rattandhakāratimisāya kimi khajjopanako, yo vā rattandhakāratimisāya telappadīpo, imesaṃ ubhinnaṃ vaṇṇānaṃ katamo vaṇṇo abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā”ti?

6.3“Yvāyaṃ, bho gotama, rattandhakāratimisāya telappadīpo, ayaṃ imesaṃ ubhinnaṃ vaṇṇānaṃ abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā”ti.

7.1“Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, kaccāna, 7.2yo vā rattandhakāratimisāya telappadīpo, yo vā rattandhakāratimisāya mahāaggikkhandho, imesaṃ ubhinnaṃ vaṇṇānaṃ katamo vaṇṇo abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā”ti?

7.3“Yvāyaṃ, bho gotama, rattandhakāratimisāya mahāaggikkhandho, ayaṃ imesaṃ ubhinnaṃ vaṇṇānaṃ abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā”ti.

8.1“Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, kaccāna, 8.2yo vā rattandhakāratimisāya mahāaggikkhandho, yā vā rattiyā paccūsasamayaṃ viddhe vigatavalāhake deve osadhitārakā, imesaṃ ubhinnaṃ vaṇṇānaṃ katamo vaṇṇo abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā”ti?

8.3“Yvāyaṃ, bho gotama, rattiyā paccūsasamayaṃ viddhe vigatavalāhake deve osadhitārakā, ayaṃ imesaṃ ubhinnaṃ vaṇṇānaṃ abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā”ti.

9.1“Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, kaccāna, 9.2yā vā rattiyā paccūsasamayaṃ viddhe vigatavalāhake deve osadhitārakā, yo vā tadahuposathe pannarase viddhe vigatavalāhake deve abhido aḍḍharattasamayaṃ cando, imesaṃ ubhinnaṃ vaṇṇānaṃ katamo vaṇṇo abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā”ti?

9.3“Yvāyaṃ, bho gotama, tadahuposathe pannarase viddhe vigatavalāhake deve abhido aḍḍharattasamayaṃ cando, ayaṃ imesaṃ ubhinnaṃ vaṇṇānaṃ abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā”ti.

10.1“Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, kaccāna, 10.2yo vā tadahuposathe pannarase viddhe vigatavalāhake deve abhido aḍḍharattasamayaṃ cando, yo vā vassānaṃ pacchime māse saradasamaye viddhe vigatavalāhake deve abhido majjhanhikasamayaṃ sūriyo, imesaṃ ubhinnaṃ vaṇṇānaṃ katamo vaṇṇo abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā”ti?

10.3“Yvāyaṃ, bho gotama, vassānaṃ pacchime māse saradasamaye viddhe vigatavalāhake deve abhido majjhanhikasamayaṃ sūriyo—ayaṃ imesaṃ ubhinnaṃ vaṇṇānaṃ abhikkantataro ca paṇītataro cā”ti.

11.1“Ato kho te, kaccāna, bahū hi bahutarā devā ye imesaṃ candimasūriyānaṃ ābhā nānubhonti, tyāhaṃ pajānāmi. 11.2Atha ca panāhaṃ na vadāmi: 11.3‘yasmā vaṇṇā añño vaṇṇo uttaritaro ca paṇītataro ca natthī’ti. 11.4Atha ca pana tvaṃ, kaccāna, ‘yvāyaṃ vaṇṇo kiminā khajjopanakena nihīnataro ca patikiṭṭhataro ca so paramo vaṇṇo’ti vadesi; tañca vaṇṇaṃ na paññapesi.

12.1Pañca kho ime, kaccāna, kāmaguṇā. 12.2Katame pañca? 12.3Cakkhuviññeyyā rūpā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā piyarūpā kāmūpasaṃhitā rajanīyā, 12.4sotaviññeyyā saddā … pe … 12.5ghānaviññeyyā gandhā … 12.6jivhāviññeyyā rasā … 12.7kāyaviññeyyā phoṭṭhabbā iṭṭhā kantā manāpā piyarūpā kāmūpasaṃhitā rajanīyā—12.8ime kho, kaccāna, pañca kāmaguṇā.

13.1Yaṃ kho, kaccāna, ime pañca kāmaguṇe paṭicca uppajjati sukhaṃ somanassaṃ idaṃ vuccati kāmasukhaṃ. 13.2Iti kāmehi kāmasukhaṃ, kāmasukhā kāmaggasukhaṃ tattha aggamakkhāyatī”ti.

14.1Evaṃ vutte, vekhanaso paribbājako bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: 14.2“acchariyaṃ, bho gotama, abbhutaṃ, bho gotama. 14.3Yāva subhāsitañcidaṃ bhotā gotamena: 14.4‘kāmehi kāmasukhaṃ, kāmasukhā kāmaggasukhaṃ tattha aggamakkhāyatī’ti. 14.5‘Kāmehi, bho gotama, kāmasukhaṃ, kāmasukhā kāmaggasukhaṃ, tattha aggamakkhāyatī’”ti

14.6“dujjānaṃ kho etaṃ, kaccāna, tayā aññadiṭṭhikena aññakhantikena aññarucikena aññatrayogena aññatrācariyakena—14.7kāmā vā kāmasukhaṃ vā kāmaggasukhaṃ vā. 14.8Ye kho te, kaccāna, bhikkhū arahanto khīṇāsavā vusitavanto katakaraṇīyā ohitabhārā anuppattasadatthā parikkhīṇabhavasaṃyojanā sammadaññāvimuttā te kho etaṃ jāneyyuṃ—14.9kāmā vā kāmasukhaṃ vā kāmaggasukhaṃ vā”ti.

15.1Evaṃ vutte, vekhanaso paribbājako kupito anattamano bhagavantaṃyeva khuṃsento bhagavantaṃyeva vambhento bhagavantaṃyeva vadamāno: 15.2“samaṇo gotamo pāpito bhavissatī”ti bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: 15.3“evameva panidhekacce samaṇabrāhmaṇā ajānantā pubbantaṃ, apassantā aparantaṃ atha ca pana 15.4‘khīṇā jāti, vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ, kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ, nāparaṃ itthattāyāti—pajānāmā’ti—paṭijānanti. 15.5Tesamidaṃ bhāsitaṃ hassakaṃyeva sampajjati, nāmakaṃyeva sampajjati, rittakaṃyeva sampajjati, tucchakaṃyeva sampajjatī”ti.

16.1“Ye kho te, kaccāna, samaṇabrāhmaṇā ajānantā pubbantaṃ, apassantā aparantaṃ, 16.2‘khīṇā jāti, vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ, kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ, nāparaṃ itthattāyāti—pajānāmā’ti—paṭijānanti; 16.3tesaṃ soyeva sahadhammiko niggaho hoti. 16.4Api ca, kaccāna, tiṭṭhatu pubbanto, tiṭṭhatu aparanto. 16.5Etu viññū puriso asaṭho amāyāvī ujujātiko, ahamanusāsāmi ahaṃ dhammaṃ desemi. 16.6Yathānusiṭṭhaṃ tathā paṭipajjamāno nacirasseva sāmaññeva ñassati sāmaṃ dakkhiti—16.7evaṃ kira sammā bandhanā vippamokkho hoti, yadidaṃ avijjā bandhanā. 16.8Seyyathāpi, kaccāna, daharo kumāro mando uttānaseyyako kaṇṭhapañcamehi bandhanehi baddho assa suttabandhanehi; 16.9tassa vuddhimanvāya indriyānaṃ paripākamanvāya tāni bandhanāni mucceyyuṃ; 16.10so mokkhomhīti kho jāneyya no ca bandhanaṃ.

16.11Evameva kho, kaccāna, etu viññū puriso asaṭho amāyāvī ujujātiko, ahamanusāsāmi, ahaṃ dhammaṃ desemi; 16.12yathānusiṭṭhaṃ tathā paṭipajjamāno nacirasseva sāmaññeva ñassati, sāmaṃ dakkhiti: 16.13‘evaṃ kira sammā bandhanā vippamokkho hoti, yadidaṃ avijjā bandhanā’”ti.

17.1Evaṃ vutte, vekhanaso paribbājako bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: 17.2“abhikkantaṃ, bho gotama … pe … 17.3upāsakaṃ maṃ bhavaṃ gotamo dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṃ saraṇaṃ gatan”ti.

17.4Vekhanasasuttaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ dasamaṃ.

17.5Paribbājakavaggo niṭṭhito tatiyo.

17.6Puṇḍarī aggisaha kathināmo,
17.7Dīghanakho puna bhāradvājagotto;
17.8Sandakaudāyimuṇḍikaputto,
17.9Maṇiko tathākaccāno varavaggo.