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Dīghanakha Sutta—Mahāsaṅgīti Tipiṭaka Buddhavasse 2500

Majjhima Nikāya 74

Dīghanakhasutta

1.1Evaṃ me sutaṃ—1.2ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā rājagahe viharati gijjhakūṭe pabbate sūkarakhatāyaṃ.

2.1Atha kho dīghanakho paribbājako yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi. 2.2Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhāsi. Ekamantaṃ ṭhito kho dīghanakho paribbājako bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: 2.3“ahañhi, bho gotama, evaṃvādī evaṃdiṭṭhi: 2.4‘sabbaṃ me nakkhamatī’”ti.

2.5“Yāpi kho te esā, aggivessana, diṭṭhi: 2.6‘sabbaṃ me nakkhamatī’ti, esāpi te diṭṭhi nakkhamatī”ti?

2.7“Esā ce me, bho gotama, diṭṭhi khameyya, taṃpassa tādisameva, taṃpassa tādisamevā”ti.

3.1“Ato kho te, aggivessana, bahū hi bahutarā lokasmiṃ ye evamāhaṃsu: 3.2‘taṃpassa tādisameva, taṃpassa tādisamevā’ti. 3.3Te tañceva diṭṭhiṃ nappajahanti aññañca diṭṭhiṃ upādiyanti. 3.4Ato kho te, aggivessana, tanū hi tanutarā lokasmiṃ ye evamāhaṃsu: 3.5‘taṃpassa tādisameva, taṃpassa tādisamevā’ti. 3.6Te tañceva diṭṭhiṃ pajahanti aññañca diṭṭhiṃ na upādiyanti.

4.1Santaggivessana, eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṃvādino evaṃdiṭṭhino: 4.2‘sabbaṃ me khamatī’ti; 4.3santaggivessana, eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṃvādino evaṃdiṭṭhino: 4.4‘sabbaṃ me nakkhamatī’ti; 4.5santaggivessana, eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṃvādino evaṃdiṭṭhino: 4.6‘ekaccaṃ me khamati, ekaccaṃ me nakkhamatī’ti. 4.7Tatraggivessana, ye te samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṃvādino evaṃdiṭṭhino: ‘sabbaṃ me khamatī’ti 4.8tesamayaṃ diṭṭhi sārāgāya santike, saññogāya santike, abhinandanāya santike, ajjhosānāya santike, upādānāya santike; 4.9tatraggivessana ye te samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṃvādino evaṃdiṭṭhino: ‘sabbaṃ me nakkhamatī’ti 4.10tesamayaṃ diṭṭhi asārāgāya santike, asaññogāya santike, anabhinandanāya santike, anajjhosānāya santike, anupādānāya santike”ti.

5.1Evaṃ vutte, dīghanakho paribbājako bhagavantaṃ etadavoca: 5.2“ukkaṃseti me bhavaṃ gotamo diṭṭhigataṃ, samukkaṃseti me bhavaṃ gotamo diṭṭhigatan”ti.

5.3“Tatraggivessana, ye te samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṃvādino evaṃdiṭṭhino: 5.4‘ekaccaṃ me khamati, ekaccaṃ me nakkhamatī’ti. 5.5Yā hi tesaṃ khamati sāyaṃ diṭṭhi sārāgāya santike, saññogāya santike, abhinandanāya santike, ajjhosānāya santike, upādānāya santike; 5.6yā hi tesaṃ nakkhamati sāyaṃ diṭṭhi asārāgāya santike, asaññogāya santike, anabhinandanāya santike, anajjhosānāya santike, anupādānāya santike.

6.1Tatraggivessana, ye te samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṃvādino evaṃdiṭṭhino: 6.2‘sabbaṃ me khamatī’ti 6.3tattha viññū puriso iti paṭisañcikkhati: 6.4‘yā kho me ayaṃ diṭṭhi—6.5sabbaṃ me khamatīti, 6.6imañce ahaṃ diṭṭhiṃ thāmasā parāmāsā abhinivissa vohareyyaṃ—6.7idameva saccaṃ moghamaññanti; 6.8dvīhi me assa viggaho—6.9yo cāyaṃ samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā evaṃvādī evaṃdiṭṭhi—sabbaṃ me nakkhamatīti, 6.10yo cāyaṃ samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā evaṃvādī evaṃdiṭṭhi—ekaccaṃ me khamati, ekaccaṃ me nakkhamatīti—6.11imehi assa dvīhi viggaho. 6.12Iti viggahe sati vivādo, vivāde sati vighāto, vighāte sati vihesā’. 6.13Iti so viggahañca vivādañca vighātañca vihesañca attani sampassamāno tañceva diṭṭhiṃ pajahati aññañca diṭṭhiṃ na upādiyati. 6.14Evametāsaṃ diṭṭhīnaṃ pahānaṃ hoti, evametāsaṃ diṭṭhīnaṃ paṭinissaggo hoti.

7.1Tatraggivessana, ye te samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṃvādino evaṃdiṭṭhino: 7.2‘sabbaṃ me nakkhamatī’ti 7.3tattha viññū puriso iti paṭisañcikkhati: 7.4‘yā kho me ayaṃ diṭṭhi—7.5sabbaṃ me nakkhamatīti, 7.6imañce ahaṃ diṭṭhiṃ thāmasā parāmāsā abhinivissa vohareyyaṃ—7.7idameva saccaṃ moghamaññanti; 7.8dvīhi me assa viggaho—7.9yo cāyaṃ samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā evaṃvādī evaṃdiṭṭhi—sabbaṃ me khamatīti, 7.10yo cāyaṃ samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā evaṃvādī evaṃdiṭṭhi—ekaccaṃ me khamati ekaccaṃ me nakkhamatīti—7.11imehi assa dvīhi viggaho. 7.12Iti viggahe sati vivādo, vivāde sati vighāto, vighāte sati vihesā’. 7.13Iti so viggahañca vivādañca vighātañca vihesañca attani sampassamāno tañceva diṭṭhiṃ pajahati aññañca diṭṭhiṃ na upādiyati. 7.14Evametāsaṃ diṭṭhīnaṃ pahānaṃ hoti, evametāsaṃ diṭṭhīnaṃ paṭinissaggo hoti.

8.1Tatraggivessana, ye te samaṇabrāhmaṇā evaṃvādino evaṃdiṭṭhino: 8.2‘ekaccaṃ me khamati, ekaccaṃ me nakkhamatī’ti 8.3tattha viññū puriso iti paṭisañcikkhati: 8.4‘yā kho me ayaṃ diṭṭhi—8.5ekaccaṃ me khamati, ekaccaṃ me nakkhamatīti, 8.6imañce ahaṃ diṭṭhiṃ thāmasā parāmāsā abhinivissa vohareyyaṃ—8.7idameva saccaṃ moghamaññanti; 8.8dvīhi me assa viggaho—8.9yo cāyaṃ samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā evaṃvādī evaṃdiṭṭhi—sabbaṃ me khamatīti, 8.10yo cāyaṃ samaṇo vā brāhmaṇo vā evaṃvādī evaṃdiṭṭhi—sabbaṃ me nakkhamatīti—8.11imehi assa dvīhi viggaho. 8.12Iti viggahe sati vivādo, vivāde sati vighāto, vighāte sati vihesā’. 8.13Iti so viggahañca vivādañca vighātañca vihesañca attani sampassamāno tañceva diṭṭhiṃ pajahati aññañca diṭṭhiṃ na upādiyati. 8.14Evametāsaṃ diṭṭhīnaṃ pahānaṃ hoti, evametāsaṃ diṭṭhīnaṃ paṭinissaggo hoti.

9.1Ayaṃ kho panaggivessana, kāyo rūpī cātumahābhūtiko mātāpettikasambhavo odanakummāsūpacayo aniccucchādanaparimaddanabhedanaviddhaṃsanadhammo, aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassitabbo. 9.2Tassimaṃ kāyaṃ aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassato yo kāyasmiṃ kāyachando kāyasneho kāyanvayatā sā pahīyati.

10.1Tisso kho imā, aggivessana, vedanā—10.2sukhā vedanā, dukkhā vedanā, adukkhamasukhā vedanā. 10.3Yasmiṃ, aggivessana, samaye sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedeti, neva tasmiṃ samaye dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ vedeti, na adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedeti; 10.4sukhaṃyeva tasmiṃ samaye vedanaṃ vedeti. 10.5Yasmiṃ, aggivessana, samaye dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ vedeti, neva tasmiṃ samaye sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedeti, na adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedeti; 10.6dukkhaṃyeva tasmiṃ samaye vedanaṃ vedeti. 10.7Yasmiṃ, aggivessana, samaye adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedeti, neva tasmiṃ samaye sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedeti, na dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ vedeti; 10.8adukkhamasukhaṃyeva tasmiṃ samaye vedanaṃ vedeti.

11.1Sukhāpi kho, aggivessana, vedanā aniccā saṅkhatā paṭiccasamuppannā khayadhammā vayadhammā virāgadhammā nirodhadhammā; 11.2dukkhāpi kho, aggivessana, vedanā aniccā saṅkhatā paṭiccasamuppannā khayadhammā vayadhammā virāgadhammā nirodhadhammā; 11.3adukkhamasukhāpi kho, aggivessana, vedanā aniccā saṅkhatā paṭiccasamuppannā khayadhammā vayadhammā virāgadhammā nirodhadhammā.

12.1Evaṃ passaṃ, aggivessana, sutavā ariyasāvako sukhāyapi vedanāya nibbindati, dukkhāyapi vedanāya nibbindati, adukkhamasukhāyapi vedanāya nibbindati; 12.2nibbindaṃ virajjati, virāgā vimuccati. Vimuttasmiṃ, vimuttamiti ñāṇaṃ hoti.

12.3‘Khīṇā jāti, vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ, kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ, nāparaṃ itthattāyā’ti pajānāti.

13.1Evaṃ vimuttacitto kho, aggivessana, bhikkhu na kenaci saṃvadati, na kenaci vivadati, yañca loke vuttaṃ tena voharati, aparāmasan”ti.

14.1Tena kho pana samayena āyasmā sāriputto bhagavato piṭṭhito ṭhito hoti bhagavantaṃ bījayamāno. 14.2Atha kho āyasmato sāriputtassa etadahosi: 14.3“tesaṃ tesaṃ kira no bhagavā dhammānaṃ abhiññā pahānamāha, tesaṃ tesaṃ kira no sugato dhammānaṃ abhiññā paṭinissaggamāhā”ti. 14.4Iti hidaṃ āyasmato sāriputtassa paṭisañcikkhato anupādāya āsavehi cittaṃ vimucci.

15.1Dīghanakhassa pana paribbājakassa virajaṃ vītamalaṃ dhammacakkhuṃ udapādi: 15.2“yaṃ kiñci samudayadhammaṃ sabbaṃ taṃ nirodhadhamman”ti. 15.3Atha kho dīghanakho paribbājako diṭṭhadhammo pattadhammo viditadhammo pariyogāḷhadhammo tiṇṇavicikiccho vigatakathaṃkatho vesārajjappatto aparappaccayo satthusāsane bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:

16.1“abhikkantaṃ, bho gotama, abhikkantaṃ, bho gotama. 16.2Seyyathāpi, bho gotama, nikkujjitaṃ vā ukkujjeyya, paṭicchannaṃ vā vivareyya, mūḷhassa vā maggaṃ ācikkheyya, andhakāre vā telapajjotaṃ dhāreyya: ‘cakkhumanto rūpāni dakkhantī’ti; evameva kho bhotā gotamena anekapariyāyena dhammo pakāsito. 16.3Esāhaṃ bhavantaṃ gotamaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi dhammañca bhikkhusaṃghañca. 16.4Upāsakaṃ maṃ bhavaṃ gotamo dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṃ saraṇaṃ gatan”ti.

16.5Dīghanakhasuttaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ catutthaṃ.