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Madhupiṇḍika Sutta—Mahāsaṅgīti Tipiṭaka Buddhavasse 2500

Majjhima Nikāya 18

Madhupiṇḍikasutta

1.1Evaṃ me sutaṃ—1.2ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sakkesu viharati kapilavatthusmiṃ nigrodhārāme. 2.1Atha kho bhagavā pubbaṇhasamayaṃ nivāsetvā pattacīvaramādāya kapilavatthuṃ piṇḍāya pāvisi. 2.2Kapilavatthusmiṃ piṇḍāya caritvā pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍapātapaṭikkanto yena mahāvanaṃ tenupasaṅkami divāvihārāya. 2.3Mahāvanaṃ ajjhogāhetvā beluvalaṭṭhikāya mūle divāvihāraṃ nisīdi. 3.1Daṇḍapāṇipi kho sakko jaṅghāvihāraṃ anucaṅkamamāno anuvicaramāno yena mahāvanaṃ tenupasaṅkami. 3.2Mahāvanaṃ ajjhogāhetvā yena beluvalaṭṭhikā yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi. 3.3Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā daṇḍamolubbha ekamantaṃ aṭṭhāsi. Ekamantaṃ ṭhito kho daṇḍapāṇi sakko bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:

3.4“kiṃvādī samaṇo kimakkhāyī”ti?

4.1“Yathāvādī kho, āvuso, sadevake loke samārake sabrahmake sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya na kenaci loke viggayha tiṭṭhati, yathā ca pana kāmehi visaṃyuttaṃ viharantaṃ taṃ brāhmaṇaṃ akathaṃkathiṃ chinnakukkuccaṃ bhavābhave vītataṇhaṃ saññā nānusenti—4.2evaṃvādī kho ahaṃ, āvuso, evamakkhāyī”ti.

5.1Evaṃ vutte, daṇḍapāṇi sakko sīsaṃ okampetvā, jivhaṃ nillāḷetvā, tivisākhaṃ nalāṭikaṃ nalāṭe vuṭṭhāpetvā daṇḍamolubbha pakkāmi.

6.1Atha kho bhagavā sāyanhasamayaṃ paṭisallānā vuṭṭhito yena nigrodhārāmo tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā paññatte āsane nisīdi. 6.2Nisajja kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi: 6.3“idhāhaṃ, bhikkhave, pubbaṇhasamayaṃ nivāsetvā pattacīvaramādāya kapilavatthuṃ piṇḍāya pāvisiṃ. 6.4Kapilavatthusmiṃ piṇḍāya caritvā pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍapātapaṭikkanto yena mahāvanaṃ tenupasaṅkamiṃ divāvihārāya. 6.5Mahāvanaṃ ajjhogāhetvā beluvalaṭṭhikāya mūle divāvihāraṃ nisīdiṃ. 6.6Daṇḍapāṇipi kho, bhikkhave, sakko jaṅghāvihāraṃ anucaṅkamamāno anuvicaramāno yena mahāvanaṃ tenupasaṅkami. 6.7Mahāvanaṃ ajjhogāhetvā yena beluvalaṭṭhikā yenāhaṃ tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā mayā saddhiṃ sammodi. 6.8Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā daṇḍamolubbha ekamantaṃ aṭṭhāsi. Ekamantaṃ ṭhito kho, bhikkhave, daṇḍapāṇi sakko maṃ etadavoca: 6.9‘kiṃvādī samaṇo kimakkhāyī’ti?

6.10Evaṃ vutte, ahaṃ, bhikkhave, daṇḍapāṇiṃ sakkaṃ etadavocaṃ: 6.11‘yathāvādī kho, āvuso, sadevake loke samārake sabrahmake sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya na kenaci loke viggayha tiṭṭhati, yathā ca pana kāmehi visaṃyuttaṃ viharantaṃ taṃ brāhmaṇaṃ akathaṅkathiṃ chinnakukkuccaṃ bhavābhave vītataṇhaṃ saññā nānusenti—6.12evaṃvādī kho ahaṃ, āvuso, evamakkhāyī’ti. 6.13Evaṃ vutte, bhikkhave, daṇḍapāṇi sakko sīsaṃ okampetvā, jivhaṃ nillāḷetvā, tivisākhaṃ nalāṭikaṃ nalāṭe vuṭṭhāpetvā daṇḍamolubbha pakkāmī”ti.

6.14Evaṃ vutte, aññataro bhikkhu bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:

7.1“kiṃvādī pana, bhante, bhagavā sadevake loke samārake sabrahmake sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiyā pajāya sadevamanussāya na kenaci loke viggayha tiṭṭhati? 7.2Kathañca pana, bhante, bhagavantaṃ kāmehi visaṃyuttaṃ viharantaṃ taṃ brāhmaṇaṃ akathaṅkathiṃ chinnakukkuccaṃ bhavābhave vītataṇhaṃ saññā nānusentī”ti?

8.1“Yatonidānaṃ, bhikkhu, purisaṃ papañcasaññāsaṅkhā samudācaranti. 8.2Ettha ce natthi abhinanditabbaṃ abhivaditabbaṃ ajjhositabbaṃ. 8.3Esevanto rāgānusayānaṃ, esevanto paṭighānusayānaṃ, esevanto diṭṭhānusayānaṃ, esevanto vicikicchānusayānaṃ, esevanto mānānusayānaṃ, esevanto bhavarāgānusayānaṃ, esevanto avijjānusayānaṃ, esevanto daṇḍādānasatthādānakalahaviggahavivādatuvaṃtuvaṃpesuññamusāvādānaṃ. 8.4Etthete pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhantī”ti. 9.1Idamavoca bhagavā. 9.2Idaṃ vatvāna sugato uṭṭhāyāsanā vihāraṃ pāvisi.

10.1Atha kho tesaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ acirapakkantassa bhagavato etadahosi:

10.2“idaṃ kho no, āvuso, bhagavā saṅkhittena uddesaṃ uddisitvā, vitthārena atthaṃ avibhajitvā, uṭṭhāyāsanā vihāraṃ paviṭṭho: 10.3‘yatonidānaṃ, bhikkhu, purisaṃ papañcasaññāsaṅkhā samudācaranti. 10.4Ettha ce natthi abhinanditabbaṃ abhivaditabbaṃ ajjhositabbaṃ. 10.5Esevanto rāgānusayānaṃ … pe … 10.6etthete pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhantī’ti. 10.7Ko nu kho imassa bhagavatā saṅkhittena uddesassa uddiṭṭhassa vitthārena atthaṃ avibhattassa vitthārena atthaṃ vibhajeyyā”ti? 10.8Atha kho tesaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ etadahosi:

10.9“ayaṃ kho āyasmā mahākaccāno satthu ceva saṃvaṇṇito sambhāvito ca viññūnaṃ sabrahmacārīnaṃ. 10.10Pahoti cāyasmā mahākaccāno imassa bhagavatā saṅkhittena uddesassa uddiṭṭhassa vitthārena atthaṃ avibhattassa vitthārena atthaṃ vibhajituṃ. 10.11Yannūna mayaṃ yenāyasmā mahākaccāno tenupasaṅkameyyāma; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ mahākaccānaṃ etamatthaṃ paṭipuccheyyāmā”ti.

11.1Atha kho te bhikkhū yenāyasmā mahākaccāno tenupasaṅkamiṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmatā mahākaccānena saddhiṃ sammodiṃsu. 11.2Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinnā kho te bhikkhū āyasmantaṃ mahākaccānaṃ etadavocuṃ: 11.3“idaṃ kho no, āvuso kaccāna, bhagavā saṅkhittena uddesaṃ uddisitvā vitthārena atthaṃ avibhajitvā uṭṭhāyāsanā vihāraṃ paviṭṭho: 11.4‘yatonidānaṃ, bhikkhu, purisaṃ papañcasaññāsaṅkhā samudācaranti. 11.5Ettha ce natthi abhinanditabbaṃ abhivaditabbaṃ ajjhositabbaṃ. 11.6Esevanto rāgānusayānaṃ … pe … 11.7etthete pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhantī’ti. 11.8Tesaṃ no, āvuso kaccāna, amhākaṃ acirapakkantassa bhagavato etadahosi: 11.9‘idaṃ kho no, āvuso, bhagavā saṅkhittena uddesaṃ uddisitvā vitthārena atthaṃ avibhajitvā uṭṭhāyāsanā vihāraṃ paviṭṭho: 11.10“yatonidānaṃ, bhikkhu, purisaṃ papañcasaññāsaṅkhā samudācaranti. 11.11Ettha ce natthi abhinanditabbaṃ abhivaditabbaṃ ajjhositabbaṃ. 11.12Esevanto rāgānusayānaṃ … pe … 11.13etthete pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhantī”’ti. 11.14Ko nu kho imassa bhagavatā saṅkhittena uddesassa uddiṭṭhassa vitthārena atthaṃ avibhattassa vitthārena atthaṃ vibhajeyyāti? 11.15Tesaṃ no, āvuso kaccāna, amhākaṃ etadahosi: 11.16‘ayaṃ kho āyasmā mahākaccāno satthu ceva saṃvaṇṇito sambhāvito ca viññūnaṃ sabrahmacārīnaṃ, pahoti cāyasmā mahākaccāno imassa bhagavatā saṅkhittena uddesassa uddiṭṭhassa vitthārena atthaṃ avibhattassa vitthārena atthaṃ vibhajituṃ. 11.17Yannūna mayaṃ yenāyasmā mahākaccāno tenupasaṅkameyyāma; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ mahākaccānaṃ etamatthaṃ paṭipuccheyyāmā’ti. 11.18Vibhajatāyasmā mahākaccāno”ti.

12.1“Seyyathāpi, āvuso, puriso sāratthiko sāragavesī sārapariyesanaṃ caramāno mahato rukkhassa tiṭṭhato sāravato atikkammeva mūlaṃ, atikkamma khandhaṃ, sākhāpalāse sāraṃ pariyesitabbaṃ maññeyya; 12.2evaṃsampadamidaṃ āyasmantānaṃ satthari sammukhībhūte, taṃ bhagavantaṃ atisitvā, amhe etamatthaṃ paṭipucchitabbaṃ maññatha. 12.3So hāvuso, bhagavā jānaṃ jānāti, passaṃ passati, cakkhubhūto ñāṇabhūto dhammabhūto brahmabhūto, vattā pavattā, atthassa ninnetā, amatassa dātā, dhammassāmī tathāgato. 12.4So ceva panetassa kālo ahosi, yaṃ bhagavantaṃyeva etamatthaṃ paṭipuccheyyātha. 12.5Yathā vo bhagavā byākareyya tathā naṃ dhāreyyāthā”ti.

13.1“Addhāvuso kaccāna, bhagavā jānaṃ jānāti, passaṃ passati, cakkhubhūto ñāṇabhūto dhammabhūto brahmabhūto, vattā pavattā, atthassa ninnetā, amatassa dātā, dhammassāmī tathāgato. 13.2So ceva panetassa kālo ahosi, yaṃ bhagavantaṃyeva etamatthaṃ paṭipuccheyyāma. 13.3Yathā no bhagavā byākareyya tathā naṃ dhāreyyāma. 13.4Api cāyasmā mahākaccāno satthu ceva saṃvaṇṇito sambhāvito ca viññūnaṃ sabrahmacārīnaṃ, 13.5pahoti cāyasmā mahākaccāno imassa bhagavatā saṃkhittena uddesassa uddiṭṭhassa vitthārena atthaṃ avibhattassa vitthārena atthaṃ vibhajituṃ. 13.6Vibhajatāyasmā mahākaccāno agaruṃ katvā”ti.

14.1“Tena hāvuso, suṇātha, sādhukaṃ manasikarotha, bhāsissāmī”ti.

14.2“Evamāvuso”ti kho te bhikkhū āyasmato mahākaccānassa paccassosuṃ. 14.3Āyasmā mahākaccāno etadavoca:

15.1“Yaṃ kho no, āvuso, bhagavā saṅkhittena uddesaṃ uddisitvā vitthārena atthaṃ avibhajitvā uṭṭhāyāsanā vihāraṃ paviṭṭho: 15.2‘yatonidānaṃ, bhikkhu, purisaṃ papañcasaññāsaṅkhā samudācaranti. 15.3Ettha ce natthi abhinanditabbaṃ abhivaditabbaṃ ajjhositabbaṃ, esevanto rāgānusayānaṃ … pe … 15.4etthete pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhantī’ti, imassa kho ahaṃ, āvuso, bhagavatā saṅkhittena uddesassa uddiṭṭhassa vitthārena atthaṃ avibhattassa evaṃ vitthārena atthaṃ ājānāmi—

16.1Cakkhuñcāvuso, paṭicca rūpe ca uppajjati cakkhuviññāṇaṃ, tiṇṇaṃ saṅgati phasso, phassapaccayā vedanā, yaṃ vedeti taṃ sañjānāti, yaṃ sañjānāti taṃ vitakketi, yaṃ vitakketi taṃ papañceti, yaṃ papañceti tatonidānaṃ purisaṃ papañcasaññāsaṅkhā samudācaranti atītānāgatapaccuppannesu cakkhuviññeyyesu rūpesu. 16.2Sotañcāvuso, paṭicca sadde ca uppajjati sotaviññāṇaṃ … pe … 16.3ghānañcāvuso, paṭicca gandhe ca uppajjati ghānaviññāṇaṃ … pe … 16.4jivhañcāvuso, paṭicca rase ca uppajjati jivhāviññāṇaṃ … pe … 16.5kāyañcāvuso, paṭicca phoṭṭhabbe ca uppajjati kāyaviññāṇaṃ … pe … 16.6manañcāvuso, paṭicca dhamme ca uppajjati manoviññāṇaṃ, tiṇṇaṃ saṅgati phasso, phassapaccayā vedanā, yaṃ vedeti taṃ sañjānāti, yaṃ sañjānāti taṃ vitakketi, yaṃ vitakketi taṃ papañceti, yaṃ papañceti tatonidānaṃ purisaṃ papañcasaññāsaṅkhā samudācaranti atītānāgatapaccuppannesu manoviññeyyesu dhammesu.

17.1So vatāvuso, cakkhusmiṃ sati rūpe sati cakkhuviññāṇe sati phassapaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—ṭhānametaṃ vijjati. 17.2Phassapaññattiyā sati vedanāpaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—ṭhānametaṃ vijjati. 17.3Vedanāpaññattiyā sati saññāpaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—ṭhānametaṃ vijjati. 17.4Saññāpaññattiyā sati vitakkapaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—ṭhānametaṃ vijjati. 17.5Vitakkapaññattiyā sati papañcasaññāsaṅkhāsamudācaraṇapaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—ṭhānametaṃ vijjati. 17.6So vatāvuso, sotasmiṃ sati sadde sati … pe … 17.7ghānasmiṃ sati gandhe sati … pe … 17.8jivhāya sati rase sati … pe … 17.9kāyasmiṃ sati phoṭṭhabbe sati … pe … 17.10manasmiṃ sati dhamme sati manoviññāṇe sati phassapaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—ṭhānametaṃ vijjati. 17.11Phassapaññattiyā sati vedanāpaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—ṭhānametaṃ vijjati. 17.12Vedanāpaññattiyā sati saññāpaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—ṭhānametaṃ vijjati. 17.13Saññāpaññattiyā sati vitakkapaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—ṭhānametaṃ vijjati. 17.14Vitakkapaññattiyā sati papañcasaññāsaṅkhāsamudācaraṇapaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—ṭhānametaṃ vijjati.

18.1So vatāvuso, cakkhusmiṃ asati rūpe asati cakkhuviññāṇe asati phassapaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. 18.2Phassapaññattiyā asati vedanāpaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. 18.3Vedanāpaññattiyā asati saññāpaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. 18.4Saññāpaññattiyā asati vitakkapaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. 18.5Vitakkapaññattiyā asati papañcasaññāsaṅkhāsamudācaraṇapaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. 18.6So vatāvuso, sotasmiṃ asati sadde asati … pe … 18.7ghānasmiṃ asati gandhe asati … pe … 18.8jivhāya asati rase asati … pe … 18.9kāyasmiṃ asati phoṭṭhabbe asati … pe … 18.10manasmiṃ asati dhamme asati manoviññāṇe asati phassapaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. 18.11Phassapaññattiyā asati vedanāpaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. 18.12Vedanāpaññattiyā asati saññāpaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. 18.13Saññāpaññattiyā asati vitakkapaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. 18.14Vitakkapaññattiyā asati papañcasaññāsaṅkhāsamudācaraṇapaññattiṃ paññāpessatīti—netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati.

19.1Yaṃ kho no, āvuso, bhagavā saṅkhittena uddesaṃ uddisitvā vitthārena atthaṃ avibhajitvā uṭṭhāyāsanā vihāraṃ paviṭṭho: 19.2‘yatonidānaṃ, bhikkhu, purisaṃ papañcasaññāsaṅkhā samudācaranti ettha ce natthi abhinanditabbaṃ abhivaditabbaṃ ajjhositabbaṃ esevanto rāgānusayānaṃ … pe … 19.3etthete pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhantī’ti, imassa kho ahaṃ, āvuso, bhagavatā saṅkhittena uddesassa uddiṭṭhassa vitthārena atthaṃ avibhattassa evaṃ vitthārena atthaṃ ājānāmi. 19.4Ākaṅkhamānā ca pana tumhe āyasmanto bhagavantaṃyeva upasaṅkamitvā etamatthaṃ paṭipuccheyyātha. 19.5Yathā vo bhagavā byākaroti tathā naṃ dhāreyyāthā”ti.

20.1Atha kho te bhikkhū āyasmato mahākaccānassa bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā anumoditvā uṭṭhāyāsanā yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkamiṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃsu. Ekamantaṃ nisinnā kho te bhikkhū bhagavantaṃ etadavocuṃ: 20.2“yaṃ kho no, bhante, bhagavā saṃkhittena uddesaṃ uddisitvā vitthārena atthaṃ avibhajitvā uṭṭhāyāsanā vihāraṃ paviṭṭho: 20.3‘yatonidānaṃ, bhikkhu, purisaṃ papañcasaññāsaṅkhā samudācaranti. 20.4Ettha ce natthi abhinanditabbaṃ abhivaditabbaṃ ajjhositabbaṃ. 20.5Esevanto rāgānusayānaṃ … pe … 20.6etthete pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhantī’ti. 20.7Tesaṃ no, bhante, amhākaṃ acirapakkantassa bhagavato etadahosi: 20.8‘idaṃ kho no, āvuso, bhagavā saṃkhittena uddesaṃ uddisitvā vitthārena atthaṃ avibhajitvā uṭṭhāyāsanā vihāraṃ paviṭṭho: 20.9“yatonidānaṃ, bhikkhu, purisaṃ papañcasaññāsaṅkhā samudācaranti. 20.10Ettha ce natthi abhinanditabbaṃ abhivaditabbaṃ ajjhositabbaṃ. 20.11Esevanto rāgānusayānaṃ, esevanto paṭighānusayānaṃ, esevanto diṭṭhānusayānaṃ, esevanto vicikicchānusayānaṃ, esevanto mānānusayānaṃ, esevanto bhavarāgānusayānaṃ, esevanto avijjānusayānaṃ, esevanto daṇḍādānasatthādānakalahaviggahavivādatuvaṃtuvaṃpesuññamusāvādānaṃ. 20.12Etthete pāpakā akusalā dhammā aparisesā nirujjhantī”ti. 20.13Ko nu kho imassa bhagavatā saṃkhittena uddesassa uddiṭṭhassa vitthārena atthaṃ avibhattassa vitthārena atthaṃ vibhajeyyā’ti? 20.14Tesaṃ no, bhante, amhākaṃ etadahosi: 20.15‘ayaṃ kho āyasmā mahākaccāno satthu ceva saṃvaṇṇito sambhāvito ca viññūnaṃ sabrahmacārīnaṃ, pahoti cāyasmā mahākaccāno imassa bhagavatā saṃkhittena uddesassa uddiṭṭhassa vitthārena atthaṃ avibhattassa vitthārena atthaṃ vibhajituṃ, yannūna mayaṃ yenāyasmā mahākaccāno tenupasaṅkameyyāma; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ mahākaccānaṃ etamatthaṃ paṭipuccheyyāmā’ti. 20.16Atha kho mayaṃ, bhante, yenāyasmā mahākaccāno tenupasaṅkamimha; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmantaṃ mahākaccānaṃ etamatthaṃ paṭipucchimha. 20.17Tesaṃ no, bhante, āyasmatā mahākaccānena imehi ākārehi imehi padehi imehi byañjanehi attho vibhatto”ti.

21.1“Paṇḍito, bhikkhave, mahākaccāno; mahāpañño, bhikkhave, mahākaccāno. 21.2Mañcepi tumhe, bhikkhave, etamatthaṃ paṭipuccheyyātha, ahampi taṃ evamevaṃ byākareyyaṃ yathā taṃ mahākaccānena byākataṃ. 21.3Eso cevetassa attho. Evañca naṃ dhārethā”ti.

22.1Evaṃ vutte, āyasmā ānando bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:

22.2“seyyathāpi, bhante, puriso jighacchādubbalyapareto madhupiṇḍikaṃ adhigaccheyya, so yato yato sāyeyya, labhetheva sādurasaṃ asecanakaṃ. 22.3Evameva kho, bhante, cetaso bhikkhu dabbajātiko, yato yato imassa dhammapariyāyassa paññāya atthaṃ upaparikkheyya, labhetheva attamanataṃ, labhetheva cetaso pasādaṃ. 22.4Ko nāmo ayaṃ, bhante, dhammapariyāyo”ti?

22.5“Tasmātiha tvaṃ, ānanda, imaṃ dhammapariyāyaṃ madhupiṇḍikapariyāyotveva naṃ dhārehī”ti.

22.6Idamavoca bhagavā. 22.7Attamano āyasmā ānando bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinandīti.

22.8Madhupiṇḍikasuttaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ aṭṭhamaṃ.