Upāyikā 1.021

The narrative introduction is Sāvatthī.

Then a certain monk emerged from meditative seclusion and went to the place where the Blessed One was abiding, arrived to that place, paid homage with his head at the feet of the Blessed One and sat to one side. Sitting to one side, that monk asked the Blessed One this question: “It would be good if the Blessed One would teach me the Dharma with a brief discourse in such a way that, having heard the Dharma in the form of a brief discourse in the presence of the Blessed One, I shall go to abide by myself, alone and in solitude, with an immeasurable mind and free from longing, collected in meditation. Once I have gone to abide by myself, alone and in solitude, with an immeasurable mind and free from longing, collected in meditation, Blessed One, please show me how to accomplish the aim for whose sake a clansman’s son shaves off his hair and beard and puts Dharma robes on his body, and out of faith rightly having gone forth from the home life into homelessness, living the unsurpassed holy life, knowing in this present lifetime by himself that what had to be realised has been realised, that supreme knowledge has been attained, namely that ‘Birth for me has been exhausted. The holy life has been fulfilled. What had to be done has been done. Existence other than the present one shall not be known by me’.” That monk asked the Blessed One this question and the Blessed One replied: “It is well, monk, it is well!” The monk replied with these words: “It is well, it is well!”

The Blessed One asked: “Monk, are you speaking like this, asking the Blessed One: ‘Blessed One, please give me an exposition of the Dharma in a brief form so that after having heard the Dharma in a brief form in the presence of the Blessed One, I shall go to abide by myself, alone and in solitude, with an immeasurable mind and free from longing, collected in meditation. Once I have gone to abide by myself, alone and in solitude, with an immeasurable mind and free from longing, collected in meditation, I shall accomplish the aim for whose sake a clansman’s son shaves off his hair and beard and puts Dharma robes on his body, and out of faith rightly having gone forth from the home life into homelessness, living the unsurpassed holy life, knowing in this present lifetime by himself that what had to be realised has been realised, that supreme knowledge has been attained, namely that ‘Birth for me has been exhausted, the holy life has been fulfilled, what had to be done has been done, existence other than the present one shall not be known by me’” The monk replied: “Yes, just like this, venerable sir.”

The Blessed One said to the monk: “Therefore, monk, listen carefully and keep it in mind, and I shall explain. Monk, something that is not you should be relinquished by you. If you relinquish such a condition, for a long time there will be welfare, benefit and happiness.” Then the monk said to the Blessed One: “I understood, Blessed One, I understood, Well Gone One.”

Then the Blessed One asked the monk: “Monk, are you able to grasp in full detail the meaning of the teaching I have given in brief?” The monk replied: “Venerable sir, bodily form is not me, if I relinquish such a thing, for a long time there will be welfare, benefit and happiness.”

“Feeling, perception, formations, consciousness surely are not ‘me’. On relinquishing such things, for a long time there will be welfare, benefit and happiness. Venerable sir, in this way I understand in full detail the meaning of the teaching given in brief by the Blessed One.”

“It is well, monk, it is well! It is well, monk, that you are able to grasp in full detail the meaning of the teaching I have given in brief. What is the reason? Monk, bodily form is not-self. You have to abandon such a thing. When such a thing is abandoned by you, for a long time there will be welfare, benefit and happiness. Feeling, perception, formations, consciousness are not-self. You have to abandon such things. When such things are abandoned by you, for a long time there will be welfare, benefit and happiness.”

Then, on hearing what the Blessed One had said, that monk was greatly delighted in his mind, and after paying homage with his head at the Buddha’s feet, he left the presence of the Blessed One.

Then after the Blessed One had instructed that monk with this teaching in a brief form, that monk went to abide by himself, alone and in solitude, with an immeasurable mind and free from longing, collected in meditation. While abiding by himself, alone and in solitude, with an immeasurable mind and free from longing, collected in meditation, he accomplished the aim for whose sake a clansman’s son shaves off his hair and beard and puts Dharma robes on his body, and out of faith rightly goes forth from the home life into homelessness, living the unsurpassed holy life, knowing in this present lifetime by himself that what had to be realised has been realised, that supreme knowledge has been attained, namely that “Birth for me has been exhausted, the holy life has been fulfilled, what had to be done has been done, existence other than the present one shall not be known by me,” that venerable one became an arahant, endowed with liberation of the mind.