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Worldly Conditions (2nd) —Bhikkhu Sujato

Numbered Discourses 8

1. Love

6. Worldly Conditions (2nd)

1.1“Mendicants, the eight worldly conditions revolve around the world, and the world revolves around the eight worldly conditions. 1.2What eight? 1.3Gain and loss, fame and disgrace, praise and blame, pleasure and pain. 1.4These eight worldly conditions revolve around the world, and the world revolves around these eight worldly conditions.

2.1An uneducated ordinary person encounters gain and loss, fame and disgrace, praise and blame, and pleasure and pain. 2.2And so does an educated noble disciple. 2.3What, then, is the difference between an ordinary uneducated person and an educated noble disciple?”

2.4“Our teachings are rooted in the Buddha. He is our guide and our refuge. Sir, may the Buddha himself please clarify the meaning of this. The mendicants will listen and remember it.”

3.1“Well then, mendicants, listen and pay close attention, I will speak.”

3.2“Yes, sir,” they replied. 3.3The Buddha said this:

3.4“Mendicants, an uneducated ordinary person encounters gain. 3.5They don’t reflect: 3.6‘I’ve encountered this gain. 3.7It’s impermanent, suffering, and perishable.’ They don’t truly understand it. 3.8They encounter loss … 3.9fame … 3.10disgrace … 3.11praise … 3.12blame … 3.13pleasure … 3.14pain. 3.15They don’t reflect: 3.16‘I’ve encountered this pain. 3.17It’s impermanent, suffering, and perishable.’ They don’t truly understand it.

4.1So gain and loss, fame and disgrace, praise and blame, and pleasure and pain occupy their mind. 4.2They favor gain and oppose loss. 4.3They favor fame and oppose disgrace. 4.4They favor praise and oppose blame. 4.5They favor pleasure and oppose pain. 4.6Being so full of favoring and opposing, they’re not freed from rebirth, old age, and death, from sorrow, lamentation, pain, sadness, and distress. 4.7They’re not freed from suffering, I say.

5.1An educated noble disciple encounters gain. 5.2They reflect: 5.3‘I’ve encountered this gain. 5.4It’s impermanent, suffering, and perishable.’ They truly understand it. 5.5They encounter loss … 5.6fame … 5.7disgrace … 5.8praise … 5.9blame … 5.10pleasure … 5.11pain. 5.12They reflect: 5.13‘I’ve encountered this pain. 5.14It’s impermanent, suffering, and perishable.’ They truly understand it.

6.1So gain and loss, fame and disgrace, praise and blame, and pleasure and pain don’t occupy their mind. 6.2They don’t favor gain or oppose loss. 6.3They don’t favor fame or oppose disgrace. 6.4They don’t favor praise or oppose blame. 6.5They don’t favor pleasure or oppose pain. 6.6Having given up favoring and opposing, they’re freed from rebirth, old age, and death, from sorrow, lamentation, pain, sadness, and distress. 6.7They’re freed from suffering, I say. 6.8This is the difference between an educated noble disciple and an uneducated ordinary person.

7.1Gain and loss, fame and disgrace,
7.2praise and blame, and pleasure and pain.
7.3These qualities among people are impermanent,
7.4transient, and perishable.

8.1A clever and mindful person knows these things,
8.2seeing that they’re perishable.
8.3Desirable things don’t disturb their mind,
8.4nor are they repelled by the undesirable.

9.1Both favoring and opposing
9.2are cleared and ended, they are no more.
9.3Knowing the stainless, sorrowless state,
9.4they understand rightly, going beyond rebirth.”