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Opportunities for Freedom —Bhikkhu Sujato

Numbered Discourses 5

3. With Five Factors

26. Opportunities for Freedom

1.1“Mendicants, there are these five opportunities for freedom. If a mendicant stays diligent, keen, and resolute at these times, their mind is freed, their defilements are ended, and they arrive at the supreme sanctuary. 2.1What five?

2.2Firstly, the Teacher or a respected spiritual companion teaches Dhamma to a mendicant. 2.3That mendicant feels inspired by the meaning and the teaching in that Dhamma, no matter how the Teacher or a respected spiritual companion teaches it. 2.4Feeling inspired, joy springs up. 2.5Being joyful, rapture springs up. 2.6When the mind is full of rapture, the body becomes tranquil. 2.7When the body is tranquil, one feels bliss. 2.8And when blissful, the mind becomes immersed in samādhi. 2.9This is the first opportunity for freedom. If a mendicant stays diligent, keen, and resolute at this time, their mind is freed, their defilements are ended, and they arrive at the supreme sanctuary.

3.1Furthermore, it may be that neither the Teacher nor a respected spiritual companion teaches Dhamma to a mendicant. But the mendicant teaches Dhamma in detail to others as they learned and memorized it. 3.2That mendicant feels inspired by the meaning and the teaching in that Dhamma, no matter how they teach it in detail to others as they learned and memorized it. 3.3Feeling inspired, joy springs up. 3.4Being joyful, rapture springs up. 3.5When the mind is full of rapture, the body becomes tranquil. 3.6When the body is tranquil, one feels bliss. 3.7And when blissful, the mind becomes immersed in samādhi. 3.8This is the second opportunity for freedom. …

4.1Furthermore, it may be that neither the Teacher nor … the mendicant teaches Dhamma. But the mendicant recites the teaching in detail as they learned and memorized it. 4.2That mendicant feels inspired by the meaning and the teaching in that Dhamma, no matter how they recite it in detail as they learned and memorized it. 4.3Feeling inspired, joy springs up. 4.4Being joyful, rapture springs up. 4.5When the mind is full of rapture, the body becomes tranquil. 4.6When the body is tranquil, one feels bliss. 4.7And when blissful, the mind becomes immersed in samādhi. 4.8This is the third opportunity for freedom. …

5.1Furthermore, it may be that neither the Teacher nor … the mendicant teaches Dhamma … nor does the mendicant recite the teaching. 5.2But the mendicant thinks about and considers the teaching in their heart, examining it with the mind as they learned and memorized it. 5.3That mendicant feels inspired by the meaning and the teaching in that Dhamma, no matter how they think about and consider it in their heart, examining it with the mind as they learned and memorized it. 5.4Feeling inspired, joy springs up. 5.5Being joyful, rapture springs up. 5.6When the mind is full of rapture, the body becomes tranquil. 5.7When the body is tranquil, one feels bliss. 5.8And when blissful, the mind becomes immersed in samādhi. 5.9This is the fourth opportunity for freedom. …

6.1Furthermore, it may be that neither the Teacher nor … the mendicant teaches Dhamma … nor does the mendicant recite the teaching … or think about it. 6.2But a meditation subject as a foundation of immersion is properly grasped, attended, borne in mind, and comprehended with wisdom. 6.3That mendicant feels inspired by the meaning and the teaching in that Dhamma, no matter how a meditation subject as a foundation of immersion is properly grasped, attended, borne in mind, and comprehended with wisdom. 6.4Feeling inspired, joy springs up. 6.5Being joyful, rapture springs up. 6.6When the mind is full of rapture, the body becomes tranquil. 6.7When the body is tranquil, one feels bliss. 6.8And when blissful, the mind becomes immersed in samādhi. 6.9This is the fifth opportunity for freedom. …

7.1These are the five opportunities for freedom. If a mendicant stays diligent, keen, and resolute at these times, their mind is freed, their defilements are ended, and they arrive at the supreme sanctuary.”