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Pleasure Seekers —Bhikkhu Sujato

Numbered Discourses 10

10. With Upāli

91. Pleasure Seekers

1.1At one time the Buddha was staying near Sāvatthī in Jeta’s Grove, Anāthapiṇḍika’s monastery. 1.2Then the householder Anāthapiṇḍika went up to the Buddha, bowed, and sat down to one side. Seated to one side, the Buddha said to the householder Anāthapiṇḍika:

2.1“These ten pleasure seekers are found in the world. 2.2What ten? 2.3First, a pleasure seeker seeks wealth using illegitimate, coercive means. 2.4They don’t make themselves happy and pleased, nor share it and make merit.

3.1Next, a pleasure seeker seeks wealth using illegitimate, coercive means. 3.2They make themselves happy and pleased, but don’t share it and make merit.

4.1Next, a pleasure seeker seeks wealth using illegitimate, coercive means. 4.2They make themselves happy and pleased, and they share it and make merit.

5.1Next, a pleasure seeker seeks wealth using means both legitimate and illegitimate, and coercive and non-coercive. 5.2They don’t make themselves happy and pleased, nor share it and make merit.

6.1Next, a pleasure seeker seeks wealth using means both legitimate and illegitimate, and coercive and non-coercive. 6.2They make themselves happy and pleased, but don't share it and make merit.

7.1Next, a pleasure seeker seeks wealth using means both legitimate and illegitimate, and coercive and non-coercive. 7.2They make themselves happy and pleased, and they share it and make merit.

8.1Next, a pleasure seeker seeks wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means. 8.2They don’t make themselves happy and pleased, nor share it and make merit.

9.1Next, a pleasure seeker seeks wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means. 9.2They make themselves happy and pleased, but don’t share it and make merit.

10.1Next, a pleasure seeker seeks wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means. 10.2They make themselves happy and pleased, and they share it and make merit. 10.3But they enjoy that wealth tied, infatuated, attached, blind to the drawbacks, and not understanding the escape.

11.1Next, a pleasure seeker seeks wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means. 11.2They make themselves happy and pleased, and they share it and make merit. 11.3And they enjoy that wealth untied, uninfatuated, unattached, seeing the drawbacks, and understanding the escape.

12.1Now, consider the pleasure seeker who seeks wealth using illegitimate, coercive means, and who doesn’t make themselves happy and pleased, nor share it and make merit. They may be criticized on three grounds. 12.2They seek for wealth using illegitimate, coercive means. This is the first ground for criticism. 12.3They don’t make themselves happy and pleased. This is the second ground for criticism. 12.4They don’t share it and make merit. This is the third ground for criticism. 12.5This pleasure seeker may be criticized on these three grounds.

13.1Now, consider the pleasure seeker who seeks wealth using illegitimate, coercive means, and who makes themselves happy and pleased, but doesn’t share it and make merit. They may be criticized on two grounds, and praised on one. 13.2They seek for wealth using illegitimate, coercive means. This is the first ground for criticism. 13.3They make themselves happy and pleased. This is the one ground for praise. 13.4They don’t share it and make merit. This is the second ground for criticism. 13.5This pleasure seeker may be criticized on these two grounds, and praised on this one.

14.1Now, consider the pleasure seeker who seeks wealth using illegitimate, coercive means, and who makes themselves happy and pleased, and shares it and makes merit. They may be criticized on one ground, and praised on two. 14.2They seek for wealth using illegitimate, coercive means. This is the one ground for criticism. 14.3They make themselves happy and pleased. This is the first ground for praise. 14.4They share it and make merit. This is the second ground for praise. 14.5This pleasure seeker may be criticized on this one ground, and praised on these two.

15.1Now, consider the pleasure seeker who seeks wealth using means both legitimate and illegitimate, and coercive and non-coercive, and who doesn’t make themselves happy and pleased, nor share it and make merit. They may be praised on one ground, and criticized on three. 15.2They seek for wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means. This is the one ground for praise. 15.3They seek for wealth using illegitimate, coercive means. This is the first ground for criticism. 15.4They don’t make themselves happy and pleased. This is the second ground for criticism. 15.5They don’t share it and make merit. This is the third ground for criticism. 15.6This pleasure seeker may be praised on this one ground, and criticized on these three.

16.1Now, consider the pleasure seeker who seeks wealth using means both legitimate and illegitimate, and coercive and non-coercive, and who makes themselves happy and pleased, but doesn’t share it and make merit. They may be praised on two grounds, and criticized on two. 16.2They seek for wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means. This is the first ground for praise. 16.3They seek for wealth using illegitimate, coercive means. This is the first ground for criticism. 16.4They make themselves happy and pleased. This is the second ground for praise. 16.5They don’t share it and make merit. This is the second ground for criticism. 16.6This pleasure seeker may be praised on these two grounds, and criticized on these two.

17.1Now, consider the pleasure seeker who seeks wealth using means both legitimate and illegitimate, and coercive and non-coercive, and who makes themselves happy and pleased, and shares it and make merit. They may be praised on three grounds, and criticized on one. 17.2They seek for wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means. This is the first ground for praise. 17.3They seek for wealth using illegitimate, coercive means. This is the one ground for criticism. 17.4They make themselves happy and pleased. This is the second ground for praise. 17.5They share it and make merit. This is the third ground for praise. 17.6This pleasure seeker may be praised on these three grounds, and criticized on this one.

18.1Now, consider the pleasure seeker who seeks wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means, and who doesn’t make themselves happy and pleased, nor share it and make merit. They may be praised on one ground and criticized on two. 18.2They seek for wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means. This is the one ground for praise. 18.3They don’t make themselves happy and pleased. This is the first ground for criticism. 18.4They don’t share it and make merit. This is the second ground for criticism. 18.5This pleasure seeker may be praised on this one ground, and criticized on these two.

19.1Now, consider the pleasure seeker who seeks wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means, and who makes themselves happy and pleased, but doesn’t share it and make merit. They may be praised on two grounds and criticized on one. 19.2They seek for wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means. This is the first ground for praise. 19.3They make themselves happy and pleased. This is the second ground for praise. 19.4They don’t share it and make merit. This is the one ground for criticism. 19.5This pleasure seeker may be praised on these two grounds, and criticized on this one.

20.1Now, consider the pleasure seeker who seeks wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means, and who makes themselves happy and pleased, and shares it and makes merit. But they enjoy that wealth tied, infatuated, attached, blind to the drawbacks, and not understanding the escape. They may be praised on three grounds and criticized on one. 20.2They seek for wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means. This is the first ground for praise. 20.3They make themselves happy and pleased. This is the second ground for praise. 20.4They share it and make merit. This is the third ground for praise. 20.5They enjoy that wealth tied, infatuated, attached, blind to the drawbacks, and not understanding the escape. This is the one ground for criticism. 20.6This pleasure seeker may be praised on these three grounds, and criticized on this one.

21.1Now, consider the pleasure seeker who seeks wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means, and who makes themselves happy and pleased, and shares it and makes merit. And they enjoy that wealth untied, uninfatuated, unattached, seeing the drawbacks, and understanding the escape. They may be praised on four grounds. 21.2They seek for wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means. This is the first ground for praise. 21.3They make themselves happy and pleased. This is the second ground for praise. 21.4They share it and make merit. This is the third ground for praise. 21.5They enjoy that wealth untied, uninfatuated, unattached, seeing the drawbacks, and understanding the escape. This is the fourth ground for praise. 21.6This pleasure seeker may be praised on these four grounds.

22.1These are the ten pleasure seekers found in the world. 22.2The pleasure seeker who seeks wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means, who makes themselves happy and pleased, and shares it and makes merit, and who uses that wealth untied, uninfatuated, unattached, seeing the drawbacks, and understanding the escape is the foremost, best, chief, highest, and finest of the ten. 22.3From a cow comes milk, from milk comes curds, from curds come butter, from butter comes ghee, and from ghee comes cream of ghee. And the cream of ghee is said to be the best of these.

23.1In the same way, the pleasure seeker who seeks wealth using legitimate, non-coercive means, who makes themselves happy and pleased, and shares it and makes merit, and who uses that wealth untied, uninfatuated, unattached, seeing the drawbacks, and understanding the escape is the foremost, best, chief, highest, and finest of the ten.”